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Pareena Lawrence

S. Dalmia and P. G. Lawrence " Trends and Patterns in Dowry Transactions: Evidence from North and South India," in Dowry: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice, edited by T. Bradley, E. Tomalin and M. Subramaniam. Zed/Women Unlimited, 2009

Abstract: The transfer of wealth at the time of marriage in the form of brideprice or dowry is known to have a pattern of regional distribution across India. Social scientists, for instance, have often pointed to the long-standing history of distinctness between North India and South India with respect to kinship, structural patterns of inheritance and gift giving at marriage. While most of north India is typified by a patrilineal inheritance system and a patrilocal residence system with exogamy, exclusion of women from property rights, unilateral flow of gifts from the bride's family to the groom's family, hypergamy, and inter-village marriages with non-kin being the norm, states in the south are characterized by isogamy, recognition of women's rights to land, preference to marriage between consanguines and short distances of marriage migration with bride price and/or reciprocity being more common. Although the north-south dichotomy in marriage transactions has been widely discussed ! in the literature, a majority of the studies base it on ethnographies that are now over 30 years old. Moreover, in the past several decades marital transfers in India have experienced significant changes including the adoption and suggested inflation of dowry across regions and communities. As a result, survey data from representative samples is essential to provide a more inclusive picture of the regional sociocultural variation in marriage payments in India. In this essay, we take a step in that direction. We use unique retrospective data on marriage transactions and on the personal and family traits of marriage partners collected from five districts each in the states of Uttar Pradesh (north India) and Karnataka (south India) to examine the patterns of dowry and bride price and how they are relate to patterns of cultural, social and economic organization.

P. G. Lawrence and M. Mancini " La Toma De Decisiones de Los Hogares en Venezuela / Household Decision-Making in Venezuela," in Revista de Economia Institucional, Volume 10, Number 18, pp 213-239, 2008

Abstract: This paper examines who makes decisions in the household and the factors that influence this decision-making outcome. The fieldwork for this research was conducted in Venezuela, where women were questioned on decision-making with respect to four subject areas. Our results indicate that a majority of households make decisions jointly. Excluding this category, more women make decisions concerning the purchase of household goods and children's education, while men dominate decisions concerning household finances and change in residence. We also find that majority of working couples pool their incomes for household expenses. In addition, we identify factors that influence women's decisionmaking power such as female labor force participation rates and age, however, level of education did not affect decision-making power. Link:

Pareena G. Lawrence, "Neohumility and Business Leadership: Do they belong together?", Journal of Business and Leadership , volume 3, (pp forthcoming): Fort Hays State University, 2006

Abstract: This article looks at commonly accepted and newly emerging ideas of effective leadership in the literature. One such quality that has recently emerged in the discourse on leadership is "humility." Humility has traditionally been associated with weakness and even seen as antithetical to the leader persona. This article suggests a new view of humility, "neohumility," humility without weakness and transformed to fit the business world. It operationalizes the definition of neohumility and includes characteristics such as self-awareness, valuing others' opinions, willing to learn and change, sharing power, having the ability to hear the truth and admit mistakes, and working to create a culture of openness where dissent is encouraged in an environment of mutual trust and respect.   

P.G. Lawrence, "Book Review, Liberating Economics:   Feminist Perspectives on Families, Work and Globalization, by Drucilla Barker and Susan Feiner,"   Feminist Economics, Volume 12, Number 4, (pp 678-682) (Routledge, 2006)

Abstract: The primary objective of Liberating Economics by Drucilla Barker and Susan Feiner is to introduce the reader to a feminist approach to the study of economics. It applies this methodology to explain how gender ideologies play a central role in structuring economic systems that create and reinforce the male breadwinner-female caregiver model of the family and its resulting inequalities. This book provides an excellent introduction to feminist contributions to the history of economic thought.

P.G. Lawrence and S. Castro 2006, "Government Intervention in the Urban Informal Sector: A case study of Guayaquil, Ecuador," en Problemas del Desarrollo , Volume 37, Number 144, (pp 145-170), Enero-Marzo, México, iie c- unam.

Abstract: In the past three decades, development economists have not only acknowledged the existence of what has been named the "urban informal sector", but have emphasized its impact on rural to urban migration, GDP growth rate and urban poverty.   Important questions that economists have about this sector are: how should governments in developing countries approach a growing informal sector? Does affirmative government intervention raise the incomes of participants in this sector who directly "benefit" from such intervention? Does helping this sector lead to an increase in rural to urban migration? We examine some of these issues by profiling the participants in this sector and analyzing the impact of government policies to organize street vendors in the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador. Seventy-six vendors in the City Council markets were surveyed for this purpose. Our survey analysis reveals some surprising results and confirms some stylized facts about vendors in the informal sector in Guayaquil, Ecuador.Link:

Sonia Dalmia and Pareena G. Lawrence and Sandra Castro, "The Institution of Dowry in India." in Journal of Developing Areas, Volume 38, Number 2: pp 71-93.

Government Intervention in Street Vending Activities in Guayaquil, Equador: A Case Study of Vendors in the Municipal Markets. (Tennessee State University, 2005)

Abstract: The practice of dowry in India has been theoretically linked to a number of factors including the nature of residence and inheritance system, women's role in production, kinship organizations, relative availability of potential spouses, and social stratification in society. This article empirically examines dowries in India and provides an institutional and economic rationale for the existence and continued prevalence of the system. Using data on marriage transactions and on the personal and family traits of marital partners the article demonstrates that payments of dowry serve to equalize the measurable differences in individual characteristics of the bride's and groom's and their respective households. Thus, dowry qualifies as the "price" paid for a "good match" in the marriage market. Results also reveal that the form of inheritance system, the residence of the bride after marriage, and the gender ratio of marriageable women to men have no effect on the incidence and size of dowry.