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Seung-Ho Joo

Books

Seung-Ho Joo and T.H. Kwak (eds.), North Korea's Second Nuclear Crisis and Northeast Asian Security (Ashgate, 2007)

This book presents in-depth analyses of the inter-Korean and international dynamics of North Korea 's second nuclear crisis (2002-2006)

Seung-Ho Joo, The United States and the Korean Peninusula in the 21 st Century, ( Hampshire, England: Ashgate , 2006 )

Abstract:   In the post-Cold War era, US relations with the two Korean states - the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) - have been undergoing profound changes, with critical and immediate repercussions for peace and security in the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia. This volume examines the key political, security and economic aspects of US-ROK and US-DPRK relations, focusing on the current status, salient issues and future prospects. Drs Kwak and Joo are distinguished professionals in the field and their volume constitutes a very interesting addition to the available literature.

Tae-Hwan Kwak and Seung-Ho Joo (eds.), The Korean Peace Process and the Four Powers (Hampshire, England: Ashgate, 2003). 

Abstract:   After the inter-Korean Summit in 2000, the Korean peace process gained a new momentum and the two Koreas increased mutual contacts and exchanges. However, in 2001 the peace process stalled and was further hindered by Bush's hard-line policy towards Pyongyang and North Korea's inflexible attitudes towards Seoul. Interest in the Korean peninsula by the US, Russia, Japan and China, for geo-strategic and geo-economic reasons means that peace and unification will inevitably become an international problem. Against this backdrop, this original volume deals with the problems and prospects of the inter-Korean peace process and the interests, attitudes and policies of these major powers.

Seung-Ho Joo and Tae-Hwan Kwak (eds.), Korea in the 21 st Century (Huntington, N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers, 2001)

Abstract:   At the turn of the second millennium, Koreans face multiple challenges at home and abroad. South Korea is still in the throes of democratization and economic reforms, while North Korea faces food shortages and other economic difficulties. The two Koreas need to manage the unification process so as to bring about national harmony and promote economic prosperity. The Korean people need to devise a new security strategy for a unified Korea to ensure its survival and independence in the early 21st century. This collection is divided into three parts, and each addresses an important issue area confronting the Korean people in the 21st century. Part I examines South Korea's democratization and economic reforms against the backdrop of the East Asian financial crisis. Part II discusses the problems and prospects for inter-Korean relations and the characteristics of North Korea's foreign policy behavior. Part III analyses South Korea's security relations with the four major powers at the turn of the new millennium. All chapters are written by renowned experts in their fields and offer valuable insights into the dynamics of the two Korean's domestic politics and foreign policy.

  Seung-Ho Joo, Gorbachev's Foreign Policy Toward the Korean Peninsula, 1985-1991: Power and Reform (Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen, 2000).   

Abstract:   This is the first volume in English to comprehensively analyze Gorbachev's foreign policy toward the two Koreas. Drawing on interviews with key officials of South Korea and the Soviet Union/Russia and utilizing materials written in English, Korean, and Russian, Joo systematically explores the Soviet Union's shifting goals and behavior toward the two Koreas, while focusing on the influence of Gorbachev's shifting power position within the Soviet leadership on his Korea policy. Insightful and informative, this volume will be of interest to students of Soviet, post-Soviet, and Korean foreign relations, and to all those interested in the dynamic relationship between Gorbachev's power consolidation at home and his foreign policy behavior.

Articles and Book Chapters

Seung-Ho Joo, "Russia's Role in the Six-Party Negotiations," Pacific Focus , vol. 19, no. 2 (fall 2004), pp. 107-140.

Abstract:   In the winter of 2002-2003, the second crisis over North Korea's nuclear issue unfolded, threatening the precarious peace on the Korean peninsula. In the midst of heightened tension, North Korea could easily be the next target of G.W. Bush's global war on terrorism.   The 6-party talks, which were held in August 2003, averted immediate military showdown in Korea.   And when the six-party talks were convened, Russia for the first time was allowed to participate in international negotiations over North Korea's nuclear issue. How then did Russia gain a seat at the six-party negotiating table? What are Russian contributions for the six-party talks ?   What are Russian views on the North Korean nuclear issue?   These are the main questions this paper will address.   To date, Russia's contributions in resolving North Korea's nuclear issue have been most noticeable in the format and procedural matters of the six-party talks.   Russia's drawing the "red-line" and "Saber-rattling" contributed to the convening of the six-party talks as well. Russia's role in the six-party negotiations has been quite visible and positive, but failed to bring a breakthrough in the dead-locked U.S.-DPRK relations. For now, Russia is funnelling its diplomatic efforts to create a favourable atmosphere for dialogue and compromises between the US and the DPRK and will continue to pursue the limited foreign policy objective in the foreseeable future.

Seung-Ho Joo, "South Korea-US Relations in Turbulent Waters," Pacific Focus, vol 21, no. 1(spring 2006), pp. 59-104.

Abstract:   This research examines the nature and sources of South Korea-U.S. political frictions in recent years. It begins with a brief discussion of the evolution of ROK-U.S. relations, focusing on the G.W. Bush administration. It then discusses the salient issues dividing the two allies. This is followed by an examination of diverging goals, interests, perception and attitudes as sources of tension and distrust in ROK-U.S. relations. Finally, it concludes with an assessment of the current state of ROK-U.S. relations. Diverging approaches to North Korea's nuclear issue, Roh's assertive and independent postures, anti-American sentiment in South Korea, and Bush's abrasive and self-centered behavior all led to distrust, tension, and awkwardness in ROK-U.S. relations. Frictions in ROK-U.S. relations are also ascribable to emotionalism and simplistic approaches on both sides. The ROK needs to assert itself defending its own national interest vis-à-vis the U.S., but should not confuse aspirations (equality) with political reality. The Bush administration should realize that "soft power" is often more persuasive and effective than hard power and that even the global superpower cannot manage international affairs alone without cooperation and support from interested states. North Korea's nuclear issue will test the ROK-U.S. alliance. It would be prudent for the U.S. and the ROK to get their acts together on North Korea and coordinate their policies at the six-party negotiation table. The U.S. and the ROK relations are now undergoing a transitional period, and it will take a lot of imagination, patience, and efforts on both sides to sustain friendship and the alliance.

 

Greg Thorson

Articles and Book Chapters

Greg Thorson, Tasina Nitzschke, and Nick Maxwell, "Rule Assignment in the Postreform House: A Test of Three Competing Theories of Legislative Organization", Congress and the Presidency, Autumn 2007

Abstract: