University of Minnesota Morris


UMM Home > Faculty Center > Faculty Publications > Psychology

Eric Klinger

Klinger, E., Henning, V. R., & Janssen, J. M. (in press, 2009).  Fantasy-proneness dimensionalized: Dissociative component is related to psychopathology, daydreaming as such is not.  Journal of Research in Personality.

Klinger, E. (2009).  Daydreaming and fantasizing: Thought flow and motivation.  In K. D. Markman, W. M. P. Klein, and J. A. Suhr (Eds), Handbook of imagination and mental simulation (pp. 225-239) . New York : Psychology Press.

Cox, W. M., Klinger, E., & Fadardi, J. S. (2006).  Motivational basis of cognitive determinants of addiction.  In M. R. Munafo & I. P. Albery (Eds.), Cognition and Addiction (pp. 101-116).  Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Fadardi, J.S., Cox, W.M, & Klinger, E. (2006).   Individualized vs. general measures of implicit cognition.   In R.W. Wiers & A.W. Stacy (Eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction (pp 121-133). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cox, W.M., Klinger, E, & Fadardu, J.S. (2006), Motivational processes and implicit cognition in addiction.   In R.W. Wiers & A.W. Stacy (Eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction (pp. 253-266). Thousand Oaks,CA: Sage.

Klinger, E. (2006). Conceptual framework and issues for a goals-oriented treatment perspective: A commentary on “Where do we go from here? The goal-perspective in psychotherapy.” Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 13, 371-375 .

ABSTRACT: This commentary provides an evolutionary framework for the argument that motivation—goal striving—is central to animal and human life and governs most psychological processes, with implications for clinical practice. Neglect of clients’ goals may seriously misdirect treatment; Systematic Motivational Counseling systematizes treatment of clients’ motivational structure. Treatment of the consequences and determinants of clients’ goals appears useful, as demonstrated in the case of alcohol abuse. The commentary then reexamines some currently popular goal-related concepts, particularly intrinsic versus extrinsic valuation and internality versus externality of goals, and argues for their reconceptualization on grounds that current conceptualizations have probably led to fallacious conclusions and may impair therapeutic effectiveness.

Klinger, E. (2006-2007). Review of the book [ McBride. D., & Schmorrow, D. (2005). Quantifying Human Information Processing ( New York : Lexington Books/Rowman & Littlefield)]. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 26 , 163-166 .

Klinger, E. (2007). Class schedule study of UMM faculty teaching loads. Focus on Faculty, 9 (2), Web Publication at .

ABSTRACT: An analysis of UMM class schedules during five academic years suggests that UMM teaching loads have increased in both number of credits taught (mostly after 1970) and sections taught (mostly after 1999). Because of incomplete information and other factors, this analysis is only an approximation and is appropriate only for comparisons between years rather than between academic units or faculty members. It is subject to numerous qualifications. It presumably understates effective increases in teaching loads because it excludes other important changes in expectations of faculty activity. Link:

Klinger, E. (in press, 2008). Daydreaming and fantasizing: Thought flow and motivation. In K. Markman, B. Klein, and J. Suhr (Eds), Handbook of imagination and mental simulation. New York : Psychology Press.

ABSTRACT: Daydreams constitute a default form of mental processing while people are awake and not using all of their mental capacity for instrumental work. Their content is determined by the confluence of their current concerns—the latent brain processes that form the substrates for goal pursuits—and goal-related cues, whether external or internal. Because brains give processing priority to cues related to goal pursuits, daydreams compete for attention with tasks at hand. If concerns are particularly pressing and emotionally laden, daydreams may intensify to take the form of worry and rumination. Daydreams are part of a mental process that continues through sleep. They appear to serve a planning function, one consequence of which is that daydreams advance goal pursuits insofar as they include not only desired outcomes but also the challenges and steps on the path to goal attainment. One hazard of this planning function is that sexually or criminally deviant daydreams may maintain motivation and mold action plans for deviant actions. Another hazard is that rumination that is devoid of effective planning and problem-solving is likely to deepen and prolong depression. However, normal positive daydreaming is not a risk factor for psychopathology.

Sellen, J. L., McMurran, M., Cox, W. M., Theodosi, E., & Klinger, E. (2006). The Personal Concerns Inventory (Offender Adaptation): Measuring and enhancing motivation to change. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 50, 294-305.

ABSTRACT: Measuring offenders' motivation for treatment is important for selection and monitoring treatment engagement, yet few psychometrically robust measures of motivation exist. The Personal Concerns Inventory (PCI) was developed to assess motivation to change in people with addictive behaviours. It focuses on identifying goals in a wide variety of life areas, and two profiles have consistently been identified—adaptive and maladaptive. This study aimed to adapt the PCI for use with offenders and assess its suitability. Following amendment, 11 men serving prison sentences were interviewed using the PCI (Offender Adaptation, OA). Personal concerns related to self-change, and partner, family, and relationships were most commonly identified. Scores suggested that offenders show adaptive and maladaptive profiles, similar to those previously identified. The PCI (OA) has promise for use with offenders, although the issue of whether the PCI (OA) is better viewed as a measure of motivation or a motivational enhancer remains for further research.