The Plan for
of Student Learning
Web Site: http://www.morris.umn.edu/committees/asl/
Progress Report II
Table of Contents
I. The Context for Planning 2II. The Institutional Mission and
Goals 3III. Goals of the Curriculum 4III.1. Process of Liberal
Learning 4III.2. Expanding Perspectives 5III.3. The Major 6IV.
The Conceptual Framework for the Assessment of Student Learning
6IV.1. Unit Goal/Mission 8IV.2. Learning Objectives 11IV.3. Expected
Outcomes 11IV.4. Assessment Methods and Tools 11IV.5. Observed
Outcomes 12IV.6. Action 13IV.7. Impact on the Students' Learning
13IV.8. Back to the Unit Goal/Mission 13V. Assessment of the Disciplinary
and Interdisciplinary Major Programs 15VI. Assessment of the General
Education 17VII. Assessment of the Co-curricular Academic Programs
22VIII. Integration of Assessment of Student Learning Activities
With Other Campus processes 22IX. Administration of the Assessment
Process 23XI. Timetable for Implementation 26appendices 30 List
of Units 31Disciplines 31Programs 31Committees 31 Some of the
Current Activities Related with the Assessment of Students' Learning
32Institutional (Indirect Measures) 33Discipline/program level(Some
examples) 33 Summary of the Discipline Assessment Methods and
Tools 36 Discipline Assessment of Students' Learning Plans 39
Assessment of Students' Learning Planning Exercise and Survey
for the Disciplines 86 Form for the Assessment of Students' Learning:
Unit Plans for the Disciplines 91 Form for the Assessment of Students'
Learning: Unit Plans for the Co-curricular Programs 95
This progress report provides
a description of an assessment process which places the faculty,
individually and collectively, in charge, and defines an administrative
structure which will promote and support assessment activities.
By using various planning tools
such as surveys, exercises, meetings, and electronic communications,
the plan represents an institution-wide conceptualization of the
assessment process shaped by the faculty. The conceptual framework
presented in this report has been implemented and tested within
the institution and proven to be realistic. The assessment process
originates and returns back to the unit mission, goals and objectives.
It also considers inter-unit impact of the assessment process
and opens up channels which could lead to a change in institution's
mission, goal and objectives. Inclusion of all decision making
units in the assessment process will definitely increase the likelihood
of leading to institutional improvement.
The plan aims to integrate assessment
with the academic functions of the institution and to support
and strengthen assessment as part of the academic culture. The
report shows that assessment is already a part of the academic
culture of UMM. At the same time, the campus needs a common language
which will ease the communication between units and create an
infrastructure which will promote, motivate and support the units.
Implementation of the assessment process showed that the timeline
is realistic and fast enough to produce reliable input in the
direction of institutional improvement. The administration part
of the UMM assessment process proposes a unique and innovative
unit: Center for Student Learning and Faculty Teaching. This organizational
structure places the assessment where it belongs, underscores
faculty ownership, and emphasizes that student learning is an
outcome of faculty teaching and can not be improved without addressing
faculty instructional development.
As it is well known, assessment
is an ongoing process. We hope to see many changes in the process
which would be an indication of improvement. The plan promotes
a modest start and improvement over time by faculty learning from
each other, instead of one which promotes a "perfect"
plan with a dead-end. The plan also creates an atmosphere in which
the faculty will feel comfortable.
The University of Minnesota, Morris
(UMM) is an undergraduate, residential, liberal arts campus of
the University of Minnesota with about 2000 students and 120 teaching
faculty located in a rural community 150 miles west of the Twin
Cities. It offers the academic reputation of the University of
Minnesota with the special atmosphere of a small college. Its
primary institutional mission is to offer undergraduate education
in the liberal arts including licensure programs in teacher education.
This mission as a single purpose liberal arts college has not
changed since the college was founded in 1960 and reflects its
historic values, current strengths, and plans for the future.
Evaluation, appraisal, and assessment
of the quality of courses, programs, and services has been practiced
at the University of Minnesota, Morris for years. With an active
institutional research program, it was clear that substantial
outcome-oriented evaluation was already taking place including
longitudinal profiling of the student body as a whole, student
opinion surveys, follow-up studies of graduates and non-returning
students, and analysis of graduation and retention rates. Students
evaluate every course. A detailed evaluation of the general education
program was recently completed and many disciplines appraised
the competency of their majors through cap-stone seminars, tutorials,
portfolios, and recitals. Some of the current activities related
with the assessment of students' learning are given in the appendix.
The campus is doing a great deal,
but these efforts fell short in important ways. For example, the
goals of general education and the majors are not directly evaluated
through student outcomes, i.e., that students demonstrate that
they have acquired the skills, techniques, and knowledge required.
Even less frequently are the assessment techniques related directly
to well articulated curricular objectives. The results is that
of the assessment efforts that are not tied into institutional
planning and resource allocation as directly as they should be.
Perhaps most important, the results of assessment are not systematically
used to improve student learning in a regular, ongoing way.
To overcome some of these shortcomings
in the college's assessment activities, a task force made up of
faculty and students representative of the governance committees
with a major stake in assessment (and supported by staff familiar
with the current institutional research efforts), worked during
the spring of 1995 to develop a plan specifically to assess student
learning across the campus. The group's principal objective was
to develop a conceptual model for the assessment which would be
generally applicable at each level where student learning and
achievement take place. These levels would include the course;
the discipline curriculum and major; the general education program
and its components; several support programs such as academic
assistance, honors, study abroad; and some of the educational,
social, and recreational programs of the extracurriculum. The
conceptual model was to unify the assessment process across units,
in each case beginning with the institutional mission, moving
to unit goals and objectives, then to the assessment and analysis
phase leading to appropriate action at the individual, unit, or
institutional level as the case may be. The process would be controlled
through the governance system by the faculty. In addition, rather
than an intrusive chore imposed by an outside agency, the process
ought to be compatible with the natural responsibilities of faculty
members committed to teaching and research in their respective
disciplines. After the receipt of reviewer's reports on the proposed
plan which ask for revisions, a second task force has been appointed
by UMM Campus assembly in the Fall of 1996. The second task force
made up of two faculty representatives from Science and Mathematics,
Social Science, and Humanities divisions and one faculty from
Education Division who were nominated by the divisions, two students,
and the Dean of Academic Affairs. The task force has been charged
to review the draft UMM Assessment Plan, bring it back to Assembly
with any revisions that seem necessary, and take steps to begin
the implementation of the plan, fulfilling the duties of the proposed
Assessment of Student Learning Committee until its establishment.
The Assessment of Student Learning
is a discipline and program-based process aimed at improving the
teaching and learning at UMM. It is intended to determine how
well what students are actually learning conforms to the objectives
of that academic enterprise. Although the assessment process will
produce a body of information which will be useful in the preparation
of discipline and institutional self-studies, the primary purpose
is program improvement. Further, it is the intention of the both
task forces that, as a matter of policy, this assessment process
should not bear a connection to the college's faculty evaluations
for the purposes of promotion, tenure, and salary determination.
Explicit statements of the institutional
mission, goals, and educational objectives are contained in the
1995-97 UMM Bulletin. The formal mission statement,
approved by the Campus Assembly in 1993, is as follows:
The mission of the University of
Minnesota, Morris as an undergraduate, residential liberal arts
college is distinctive within the University of Minnesota. The
Morris campus shares the University's statewide mission of teaching,
research, and outreach, yet it is a small college where students
can shape their own education. The campus serves undergraduate
students primarily from Minnesota and its neighboring states,
and it is an educational resource and cultural center for citizens
of west central Minnesota. Through its instructional excellence,
its commitment to research, its numerous extracurricular programs
and services, and its strong sense of community, the University
of Minnesota, Morris endeavors to achieve its place among the
best liberal arts colleges in the region.
The goals of the academic program at the University of Minnesota, Morris are expressed through the requirements for the bachelor of arts degree . The degree requirements consist of three parts, two of which are in general education: Process Requirements and Expanding Perspectives Requirements. The third part is the Major, or field of specialization; its requirements are specified by faculty in each discipline (1995-97 UMM Bulletin, p. 56). The requirements are meant to prescribe student competencies, which are usually demonstrated through the successful completion of qualifying courses but may be met by demonstrating proficiency in other ways.
The first goal of general education
is to become familiar with the process of liberal learning--to
acquire the intellectual skills, the communication skills, and
the framework of knowledge needed for successful advanced work.
The second goal is to expand one's intellectual perspectives,
gaining enough understanding of the principal areas of human endeavor
to be able to continue learning in the future and to have a sense
of the limits of one's knowledge. Successful study in a major
field, in which one pursues knowledge in depth with the goal of
becoming reasonably expert, constitutes the third area required
for the B.A. degree.
III. 1.PROCESS OF LIBERAL LEARNING
The Process requirements emphasize
the development of intellectual skills, the critical and creative
thinking skills, and the communication skills needed for future
work. The goals of the process requirements are as follows.
a freshman core course. Introduces students to liberal education;
students are expected to gain a sense of community, develop skills
of intellectual inquiry, and learn to be active participants in
the learning process.
Students acquire the basic compositional skills necessary to develop
multi-paragraph essays and to write documented papers. Following
the introductory course, students develop and apply expository
writing skills appropriate to various disciplines.
Students develop the skills and understandings necessary to prepare
and deliver effective oral presentations before an audience. Students
then learn to apply these skills in oral presentations appropriate
in various disciplines.
Students learn to understand the role of computers in society,
know how to solve problems using a computer, and how to make productive
use of computers to enhance their knowledge and skills in a chosen
Students are introduced to the grammar, the basic skills of reading,
writing, and speaking a language other than their own, and to
the cultures of the countries speaking that language.
III. 2. EXPANDING
The Expanding Perspectives
requirements emphasize the development of breadth in a world of
diverse peoples, activities, and values, all increasingly related.
All Expanding Perspective courses are intended to actively involve
students in the following: understanding how knowledge is acquired,
engaging in the process of acquiring knowledge, understanding
the influences and assumptions that lead to particular perspectives
in a given field, engaging in critical and creative thinking and
inquiry appropriate to the field, and pursuing connections to
knowledge in other disciplines. The goals of specific Expanding
Perspectives requirements are as follows.
The Self and Others.
To encourage the development of self-understanding and an understanding
of the forces which shape human interactions.
To provide an understanding of the past, the complexity of human
affairs, and the way in which various forces--economic, cultural,
religious, political, scientific--influence efforts to control
the course of these events.
To introduce students to a culture other than their own.
To develop an understanding of a method for analyzing modern society
or some significant political, economic, religious, social, or
scientific component of it.
Analysis and Interpretation of
the Arts. To develop an
understanding of the principles of aesthetic judgment, including
the means for analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating the arts
produced by others.
To introduce students to the creative process through individual
performance in an artistic activity such as writing, acting, dance,
studio art, and music.
Arts and Culture.
To investigate how cultures shape and are shaped by the arts.
The Natural World.
To acquaint students with the scientific method as a means of
studying the natural world through understanding fundamental scientific
concepts and through engaging in scientific analysis and experimentation.
To learn to formulate abstractions, employ proofs, and manipulate
symbols in formal systems; to use abstract languages with defined
rules of deduction to strengthen the student's ability to think
III.3. THE MAJOR
The purpose of the major is to ensure
that each student pursues a particular field of knowledge in depth,
investigates advanced theories and schools of thought, and becomes
competent in using the language and methods of inquiry of the
field. Through such concentrated study, conducted over an extended
period of time, a student begins to master an existing body of
knowledge and understands the nature of expertise in the chosen
field, including both its power and its limitations. Each of 27
formally approved majors have certain specific goals defined by
the faculty of the disciplines involved.
As designed by the task force, the
conceptual model consists of unit assessment cycles as well as
an institutional assessment cycle. Units include the course, the
discipline curriculum, the major, the general education curriculum
or its components, and other programs--for example, Study Abroad--where
significant student learning has been identified (a detailed list
of units is given in appendix). The overall institutional cycle
aims to provide feedback among units to assist them in identifying
overlapping student learning needs, and to integrate the results
of individual unit assessments. The conceptual framework not only
allows the unit assessment cycles to flow from the institution's
published mission and goals, but it also creates channels to identify
necessary changes in institutional goals.
The key ingredient of the model is the Unit Assessment Cycle, given in Figure 1, which consists of seven elements.
Assessment Methods and Tools
Impact on the Students' Learning
The cycle may be further divided
into a planning phase and an application phase. The planning phase
(the right-hand side of the diagram) consists of the determination
of learning objectives, the clarification of expected outcomes,
and selection and development of assessment methods and tools.
The application phase (the left-hand side of the diagram) consists
of the observation of the outcomes resulting from the application
of the assessment methods, taking actions based on these results,
and analyzing the impact on the students' learning of the action(s)
The cycle originates with the unit's
goal/mission and returns to this stage as the cycle is completed.
Through various actions taken by a unit, the cycle interconnects
with cycles from other units and with the institutional assessment
cycle as a whole. Since the model cycle will be employed by all
the units, the assessment process will be consistent across the
campus. In addition, the similarity among assessment cycles will
have the beneficial effect of providing multiple measures of effectiveness
of the academic program as a whole. Rather than impose a new approach
upon units, it is intended that the cycle provides a conceptual
framework for assessment which is compatible with appraisals currently
being carried out in most units within a less formalized structure.
IV.1. UNIT GOAL/MISSION
The cycle begins with a statement
of the mission and goals particular to that unit. While they should
be compatible with the institutional mission, the unit goals may
be quite specific and initially may not take into consideration
the mission and goals of other units. The institutional assessment
cycle is designed to integrate the goal and mission of all units.
Even if it is not true at the beginning, this dynamic process
will in time integrate unit and institutional goals.
Learning objectives will flow from
the unit's mission and goals and will be detailed enough to cover
the different functions of the unit. Based upon the unit's goals,
an individual instructor for a course, or the discipline faculty
in the case of a major, will identify the specific learning objectives.
They may be as specific as those for a particular course (for
example, understanding a cost/benefit analysis) or as general
as those for the major (for example, provide students with a basic
understanding of the nature and functioning of the economic system).
IV.3. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Units must next specify, based upon
their learning objectives, a variety of expected outcomes, measurable
in qualitative or quantitative terms. Depending upon the unit's
goals, the expected outcomes may be stated as cognitive, behavioral,
or attitudinal characteristics. The outcomes can be as specific
as being able to solve differential equations, being able to integrate
trigonometric functions, or being able to interpret the results
of a factor analysis, or as broad as being able to explain how
the development of mathematics has been part of the evolution
of civilizations and is intimately interwoven with their cultural
and scientific development. At this stage in the assessment cycle
the expected outcomes represent predictions of how student
learning will be demonstrated.
IV.4. ASSESSMENT METHODS
Each unit will select or develop
its own assessment methods and tools. Assessment methods may be
based on descriptive or experimental data collection processes.
These methods will include portions of examinations in key courses,
the products of capstone experiences, seminars, recitals, locally-developed
examinations, surveys, oral examinations, professional licensure
examinations, standardized comprehensive examinations, portfolios,
alumni follow-up surveys, and the like (please see the Figure
Different units may select and develop
differing assessment methods and tools to measure the same or
similar expected outcomes. This will have the advantage of creating
multiple assessment measures more likely to capture the complete
range of student achievements and promote innovative and "better"
assessment techniques as their results are shared during the assessment
cycles with other units.
IV.5. OBSERVED OUTCOMES
When the assessment method, tools,
and techniques have been utilized with the appropriate students,
the results will be analyzed by the unit itself and interpreted
in terms of the expected outcomes identified earlier during the
planning phase. The results will become part of one or more assessment
outcome documents. These may include discipline or program self-study
reports, annual discipline/division/committee reports, institutional
data summaries, accreditation self-study reports.
FIGURE 4. AREAS
OF ASSESSMENT AND EXAMPLES OF ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENTS
Neither the process of appraisal
nor knowledge of the results automatically leads to constructive
change and improvement. The assessment model must include an action
stage, providing for a response to the results of the assessment
of student achievement. The most direct action, and that which
routinely occurs at the present time, is for the results to be
provided to students and used in improving their achievement.
Action may occur as the modification by faculty of a course or
a discipline curriculum, or by a governance committee of a program
or administrative unit. In particular, the assessment process
must, as a matter of policy, influence the institution's decision
making processes which determine curriculum, pedagogy, and resource
allocation. At the action stage, as shown in Figure 2, the cycle
provides for sharing recommendations for change based upon documented
results of the assessment process.
IV.7. IMPACT ON THE
Once an action has been taken to
improve student achievement, its impact will be evaluated to see
whether the desired improvement actually occurred. If the proposed
action requires a higher unit's involvement the impact of that
involvement should be measured and evaluated as well. Note that
this stage might call for the application of the assessment tools
developed in a previous stage. It may also lead to a change in
the unit's mission and goal.
IV.8. BACK TO THE UNIT
One of the outcomes of unit assessment
will often be a modification of that unit's statement of missions
and goals. An Assessment Committee (see below) will both guide
the process and act as a clearinghouse for information and recommendations
which emerge from the unit assessment cycles. One of its responsibilities
will be to provide information to other units, appropriate governance
committees, the administration, and the Campus Assembly, which
may result in modifications of units or institutional goals.
These guidelines will be used by the Student Learning Assessment Committee in reviewing the unit assessment plan drafts of learning objectives/expected outcomes and assessment methods.
o Plan includes statement of unit mission/goal
o Unit mission/goal
relates to institutional mission
Student Learning Objectives/Expected Outcomes:
o Learning objectives/outcomes are stated in terms of important student achievements (e.g., knowledge, skills, behaviors, competencies, and attitudes)
o Outcomes identified are relevant to mission and goals
o A reasonable number of outcomes (3-4) is selected
include at least one cognitive-(knowledge) or performance-based
Assessment Methods & Tools:
o Provides a detailed description of assessment methods that will be used to measure expected outcome
o Defines the measure(s) and instruments that will be used for each expected outcome
o Considers validity and reliability of measures and instruments
The final elements of the plans will be evaluated
according to the following guidelines:
o Gives a detailed description of procedure for measuring expected outcome
o Specifies an implementation time line
responsibility for data collection and analysis
Possible Use of Observed Outcome and Actions:
o Describes how the results of the assessment will be communicated to faculty
o Identifies mechanisms and processes for using results to improve the student learning and programs
o Has feedback loops to related university processes (e.g., planning (academic and nonacademic, curriculum review)
how the results of the assessment could change unit mission/goal(s)
o Evidence of faculty involvement
o Evidence of student involvement
o Plan will provide information that can be used to improve teaching and learning processes and curricula
o Plan considers effectiveness over time
effectiveness of important academic processes (e.g., teaching,
learning and advising)
In November 1996, the Task Force
on Assessment of Students' Learning designed and start implementing
a series of assessment planning exercises and surveys. The objectives
of these exercises and surveys are to;
clarify some of the concepts in assessment of the student learning;
present expectations from the units that are related with the assessment;
initiate a discussion on assessment;
increase faculty involvement and awareness on assessment;
determine some of the assessment activities that are already taking place at UMM;
determine the areas of the assessment with which the units do not feel comfortable;
produce examples of unit assessment cycles that can be shared with other units;
set up connections between different units by clarifying their expectations of each other;
learn how the units are planning to disseminate the results so that the required channels can be opened and be available when needed;
get input from the faculty on the
possible functions of the future assessment committee.
The Task Force is planning to use
the results of the assessment planning exercises and surveys to:
select some of the responses and ask the units to present them in a meeting(such as Talking about Teaching)
send the response of a unit to a related unit to increase communication, (note that on the survey units will tell with which other units they would like to share the results). The general education part of the responses, for example, can be sent to the general education committee;
prepare a document for the assessment activities in progress and get more detailed information from the units to include on our plan;
design workshops on the areas with which units feel uncomfortable;
provide literature and examples on the areas with which the units feel uncomfortable;
revise the guidelines based on the results;
determine the functions of the assessment committee based on the responses;
group units to gether that have similar objectives and are planning to use similar assessment techniques;
prepare a report on the results and distribute to the all units. This will produce examples and knowledge base generated by the UMM faculty;
keep track of how the unit responses will change throughout time;
determine a time table for the assessment
based on the results.
The first of these exercises and
surveys was sent to the all UMM faculty (a copy of the survey
and cover memo is included in the Appendix). First, program faculty
individually filled out the exercise and survey. At the second
step responses of each faculty brought up to a discipline meeting
at which a joint response of the discipline was prepared. Discipline
coordinators submitted the discipline response to the Task Force.
The survey showed that the disciplines generally were very comfortable
in responding to the questions and that most of the assessment
methods and tools were in progress. Through this exercise each
discipline stated their mission/goal(s), described how their mission/goal(s)
relate to the institutional mission, stated at least three learning
objectives and expected outcomes in terms of important student
achievements (at least one of which was cognitive(knowledge)-
or performance based outcome), provided a description of assessment
methods that will be used to measure expected outcome, and proposed
a time line including a starting date and anticipated date for
the first results. The results of the exercise and survey well
documented that the disciplines are carrying out an extensive
assessment of their students' learning by using a variety of methods
and tools. It also produced many creative in-house examples of
the assessment methods and tools. Discipline plans includes assessment
strategies which proceeds through classroom techniques, end point
assessment (including portfolios, senior seminars, senior thesis,
comprehensive exams, exit interviews, standardized tests), discipline
specific techniques such as internship supervisor reports, research
performance on UROP, MAP, and graduate and post graduate surveys.
Some of the assessment information are common to all disciplines
, such as GRE scores, placement records, admission to and success
in graduate programs, general student attitude survey, graduate/professional
school admission tests which are currently collected institutionally.
A set of discipline assessment plans, including the responses
to the above questions, are provided in the appendix. The Task
Force made the discipline plans available electronically on UMM
Assessment of Student Learning web page to increase the communication
between different disciplines, and to create an atmosphere for
the disciplines to learn from each other.
At the second stage the Task Force
sent to all faculty another form which included the response of
the discipline to the planning exercise and survey, the summary
of the assessment methods and tools proposed by all the disciplines,
and additional questions related with the use of the observed
outcomes, and possible actions, and the implementation needs of
the disciplines (a copy of the second form send to the disciplines
is included in the appendix).
The results of the discipline assessment
process will be collected periodically and disciplines will be
given a chance to modify and change their learning objectives,
expected outcomes, and assessment methods and tools after the
completion of their assessment cycle.
The two main topics that played the
important role on the determination of the general education assessment
was the approach and timing. The Task Force wants to make sure
that the decisions made and implemented in the General Education
assessment are ideas coming from the faculty who are directly
involved with the general education. Currently, learning objectives
for the different general education requirements are approved
by the Campus assembly and published in the University Bulletin.
To ensure that general education assessment plan is developed
and owned by the faculty, approved general education learning
objectives will be send to the individual units and faculty in
charge of teaching general education courses in each area and
these units will be asked to elaborate learning objectives, produce
expected outcomes, and suggest appropriate assessment methods
and tools. The input from individual units will be integrated
and analyzed by the General Education Committee. The Task Force
will work closely with the General Education committee. Since
the UMM is in the process of switching to semester system in the
fall of 1999, learning objectives which will continue to exist
and are not currently in place (but eventually be implemented)
will be included in the assessment areas.
The following tables summarizes the learning objectives for the quarter and semester systems and identifies the related units (disciplines) that will elaborate objectives and suggest assessment methods.
The Task Force is in a process of
creating some assessment methods and tools, such as Assessment
of Student Learning Exit Survey/Test, which will produce input
to the General Education Committee and test possible directions
that can be followed in the future.
Goal/Mission: The first goal of general education is to become familiar with the process of liberal learning--to acquire the intellectual skills, the communication skills, and the framework of knowledge needed for successful advanced work. The second goal is to expand one's intellectual perspectives, gaining enough understanding of the principal areas of human endeavor to be able to continue learning in the future and to have a sense of the limits of one's knowledge. Successful study in a major field, in which one pursues knowledge in depth with the goal of becoming reasonably expert, constitutes the third area required for the B.A. degree.
PROCESS OF LIBERAL LEARNING
The Process requirements emphasize the development of intellectual skills, the critical and creative thinking skills, and the communication skills needed for future work. The goals of the process requirements are as follows.
|Learning Objectives (Quarter System)||Learning Objectives (Proposed for the Semester System)||Related Units|
|Inquiry, a freshman core course. Introduces students to liberal education; students are expected to gain a sense of community, develop skills of intellectual inquiry , and learn to be active participants in the learning process.(P1)||The Common Experience Task Force|
|College Writing. Students acquire the basic compositional skills necessary to develop multi-paragraph essays and to write documented papers. Following the introducto ry course, students develop and apply expository writing skills appropriate to various disciplines. (P2)||College Writing (II.A). To understand the writing process through invention, organization, drafting, revising, and editing; and develop writers who can write about a range of ideas for a variety of readers.||English|
|Speaking. Students develop the skills and understandings necessary to prepare and deliver effective oral presentations before an audience. Students then learn to app ly these skills in oral presentations appropriate in various disciplines.(S)||Not in effect|
|Computing. Students learn to understand the role of computers in society, know how to solve problems using a computer, and how to make productive use of computers to enhance their knowledge and skills in a chosen field.(C1, C2)||Ethical and Social Implications of Technology (III.G.4). To broaden and develop students' capacity to question and reflect upon their own and society's values and c ritical responsibilities, and to understand forces, such as technology, which cause us to modify these views and often mandate creation of new ways to solve legal, social and scientific issues.||C1. Computer Science|
|Foreign Language. Students are introduced to the grammar, the basic skills of reading, writing, and speaking a language other than their own, and to the cultures of the countries speaking that language.||Foreign Language (II.B.). To develop some fluency in the skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing in a second language, and critical insight into another culture.||French, German, Spanish|
THE EXPANDING PERSPECTIVES
The Expanding Perspectives requirements emphasize the development of breadth in a world of diverse peoples, activities, and values, all increasingly related. All Expanding Perspective courses are intended to actively involve students in the following: understanding how knowledge is acquired, engaging in the process of acquiring knowledge, understanding the influences and assumptions that lead to particular perspectives in a given field, engaging in critical and creative thinking and inquiry appropriate to the field, and pursuing connections to knowledge in other disciplines. The goals of specific Expanding Perspectives requirements are as follows.
|Learning Objectives (Quarter System)||Learning Objectives (Proposed for the Semester System)||Related Units|
|Group A: The Self and Others. To deepen self-awareness and gain understanding of the forces that shape human interactions.|
|The Self. To encourage the development of self-understanding and an understanding of the forces which shape human interactions. (E1)||Human Behavior, Inner Experience and the Self(III.A.). To increase students' systematic understanding of themselves as functioning humans, their individual similari ties to and differences from others, their awareness of the nature and significance of their conscious experience, and the forces that shape their interpersonal attachments and interactions. (eliminated from requirements in a recent meeting)||Anthropology, Education, English, History, French, Interdisciplinary Studies, Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Speech|
|Historical Perspectives. To provide an understanding of the past, the complexity of human affairs, and the way in which various forces--economic, cultural, religious , political, scientific--influence efforts to control the course of these events. (E2)||History (III.B.). To increase students' understanding of the past, the complexity of human affairs, the ways in which various forces--economic, cultural, religious, political, scientific-- influence efforts to control events, and the ways historians verify and interpret their findings.||Art History, English, Geology, History, Philosophy, Political Science, Theatre|
|Different Cultures. To introduce students to a culture other than their own. (E3)||Anthropology, Education, French, German, History, Humanities, Inter. Stud., Music, Political Science, Sociology, Spanish, Speech|
|Social Institutions. To develop an understanding of a method for analyzing modern society or some significant political, economic, religious, social, or scientific c omponent of it. (E4)||Social Processes and Institutions (III.C.). To increase students' understanding of methods of analyzing modern society or some significant political, economic, reli gious, social or scientific component of it.||Anthropology, Computer Science, Economics, Education, English, History, Management, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology,|
|Group B: The Arts. To encourage the understanding of the principles of aesthetic judgment, including the means for analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating the arts produced by others.||Art History, Studio Art, Theatre Arts, Music|
|Analysis and Interpretation of the Arts. To develop an understanding of the principles of aesthetic judgment, including the means for analyzing, interpreting, and ev aluating the arts produced by others.(E6)||Literature, Language and Philosophy (III.D.). To expand students' capacity to understand, analyze, and discuss the complexity of the human condition through the stu dy of human languages, and works of human thought and imagination.||Art History, English, French, German, Hum., Music, Philosophy, Spanish, Theatre|
|Performance. To introduce students to the creative process through individual performance in an artistic activity such as writing, acting, dance, studio art, and mus ic.(E7)||Performance (II.D.). To introduce students to the creative process through individual performance, and demonstrate skill in such activities as composition, theatre, dance, studio art, and music.||Studio Art, English, French, Music, Theatre, Wellness and Sport Science|
|Arts and Culture. To investigate how cultures shape and are shaped by the arts.(E8)||Fine Arts (III.E.). To develop students' understanding, analysis and appreciation of the arts.||Art History, English, History, Hum., Music|
|The Natural World. To acquaint students with the scientific method as a means of studying the natural world through understanding fundamental scientific concepts and through engaging in scientific analysis and experimentation.(E9)||Physical and Biological Science (III.F.). To increase students' understanding of the structure and dynamics of the physical and biological worlds, and of the methods by which such knowledge is garnered.||Geology, Physical Science, Biology, Chemistry, Physics,|
|Abstract Systems. To learn to formulate abstractions, employ proofs, and manipulate symbols in formal systems; to use abstract languages with defined rules of deduction to strengthen the student's ability to think logically.(E10)||Mathematical/Logical Reasoning (II.C.). To strengthen students' ability to think logically, employ proofs, and use abstract languages with defined rules of deduction OR To strengthen students' ability to formulate abstractions, employ proofs, and manipulate symbols in formal systems.||Computer Science, Mathematics, Philosophy|
Students are introduced to cultures other than those of Western European origin, such as the cultures of Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and the Pacific; the remnants of indigenous cultures of regions presently considered Western, e.g., American Indian and Australian Aborigine; and non-Western cultures that have been brought to or migrated to the West, e.g., African American, Chicano/Latino, and Asian American
|Anthropology, Economics, Education, History, Hum., Music, Political Science, Sociology, Speech|
|Wellness (II.E.). To develop an understanding of, and enable the making of informed decisions concerning human health and fitness.||Wellness and Sport Science|
|The Global Village (III.G.). To increase students' understanding of the growing interdependence of nations, peoples and the natural world.
1. Human Diversity: To increase students' understanding of individual and group differences (e.g. race, gender, class) and their knowledge of the traditions and values of various groups in the United States.
2. People and Environment: To increase students' understanding of the interrelatedness of human society and the natural world.
3. International Perspective: To increase students' systematic understanding of national cultures other than those in which they received their prior schooling.
4. Ethical and Civil Responsibilities. To broaden and develop students' capacity to question and reflect upon their own and society's values and critical responsibilities, and to understand forces, such as technology, which cause us to modify these views and often mandate creation of new ways to solve legal, social and scientific issues.
|Anthropology, Economics, Education, History, Hum., Music, Political Science, Sociology, Speech|
UMM Assessment of Student Learning
Plan includes units other than the disciplines which are extensively
involved with the students' learning. These units are Academic
assistance Center, Advising, Athletics, Campus Compact, Computing
Services, Gateway Program, Honors Program, International Program,
Library, Minority Student Program, MAP/MAI Program, Study Abroad
Program, Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, and University
College. These units were asked to fill out a specially designed
form (a copy of the form is included in the appendix). Inclusion
of these units in the assessment process not only helps to produce
a comprehensive plan but also provide channels to integrate different
areas where student learning taking place. It will also make it
easier for the assessment results to have an impact on the campus
planning and resource allocation by creating a common structure
and language. Examples of the learning objectives for some of
the units in this category is given below:
|Study Abroad||to provide an education that prepares students to become global citizens by expanding their world view and deeping their understanding of world issues.|
|Morris Academic Partners Program||to enhance students intellectual competence and increase their interest in graduate or professional study.|
|Advising||Set up connections between students and faculty outside the classroom contribute to a successful educational experience|
|Academic Assistance Center||To help students achieve their academic goals, whatever they might be.|
|Honors Program.||To encourage active learning through writing, experimentation, creative activity, or discussion and, if at all appropriate, emphasize primary texts and materials. Honors students must do original work, work that demonstrates a consistently high level of academic commitment. The senior honors project is a substantial scholarly or creative work that shows the student's engagement in the intellectual life of the discipline(s) in which the project is completed.|
To make assessment a part of the
academic culture of the institution it is essential to integrate
assessment activities with the other academic activities. Being
engaged in a process of moving into a semester system in Fall
of 1999, opens up possibilities for this integration. The Curriculum
Committee added a new part on assessment to the New and Revised
Course Proposal Form. This part asks for a clear and brief statement
of the goals of the course and suggestions on how faculty will
assess how successful this course is in achieving the described
goals. Also, the Discipline Objectives and Requirements Form includes
the following two questions: What should students learn in this
discipline? and how does discipline measure the extent to which
student learning meets disciplinary goals and objectives? These
two forms are prepared for all courses and disciplines for the
transition to the semester system and will be approved by the
Curriculum Committee and the Campus Assembly.
The proposed assessment plan creates
a structure which will allow the assessment results to give feedback
to discipline, division, and support services 5-year plans, program
reviews, and all other decision making units of the Campus.
As it can be seen from the table
given in the appendix, UMM is collecting extensive and comprehensive
information on institutional effectiveness through various methods
and tools. The Task Force is in a process of developing ways of
redirecting some of these efforts to assess student learning.
As a first step, in the Spring 1997 an Assessment of Student Learning
Exit Survey/Test will be integrated with the UMM Bachelor's Degree
The assessment of student learning
is ultimately a faculty responsibility. The assessment process
is to be faculty designed and supervised, with a committee of
the Campus Assembly having major responsibility for the program.
On November 18, 1996, the UMM Assessment plan and a constitutional
By-law amendment proposal establishing the Assessment of Student
Learning Committee was presented to the Campus assembly by the
Executive Committee for information. The By-law amendment proposal
is given below:
BY-LAW AMENDMENT PROPOSAL
Rationale: In keeping with its effort to fulfill its educational mission, UMM seeks to implement a process whereby assessment of student learning occurs in an ongoing manner at every appropriate level and informs the development of educational policy and practice. A standing committee is necessary to assure that this process operates effectively. This committee will help UMM meet Criteria Three from the NCA Accreditation standards.
Membership: The Assessment of Student Learning Committee consists of ten members, including one faculty member from the Division of Education, and two each from the Divisions of Humanities, Science & Mathematics, and Social Sciences, and two students. The Dean or his designee will serve ex officio.
The Assessment of Student Learning Committee oversees and provides
support to all aspects of the assessment process, receives all
data and materials generated by assessment activities, recommends
improvements in the assessment program and disseminates reports
on the results of assessment and the initiatives based on assessment
intended to improve student learning.
Technical restraints within the UMM
Constitution prevented the operation of a new standing committee
until the 1997-98 academic year. To allow the process to move
forward this academic year, the Executive Committee recommended
to the Campus Assembly the creation of a second Task Force on
the Assessment of Student Learning. It solicited nominations for
membership from the Division chairs and then forwarded a slate
to the Campus Assembly. The Assembly approved the recommendation
and selected the membership for the Task Force at its meeting
of November 18, 1996. The immediate duties of the Task Force were
to review the 1995 Assessment Plan in light of the NCA referee
critique and other relevant information, to consult with the faculty
and appropriate committees in its review of the plan and bring
an Assessment Plan to the Campus Assembly for its approval in
Spring, 1997. The Task Force, in carrying the responsibilities
of the forthcoming Standing Committee, is also to guide the development
and implementation of the assessment process, facilitate unit
involvement, provide relevant results to the other governance
committees (Curriculum, General Education, Campus resources and
Planning, and Scholastic are the most germane) and recommend necessary
actions to the Campus Assembly.
On February 3, 1997 the Campus Assembly
approved the by-law amendment proposal establishing the Assessment
of Student Learning Committee as of September, 1997. Also, on
April 14, 1997 Campus Assembly meeting the plan for the assessment
of student learning at the University of Minnesota, Morris was
discussed and approved unanimously.
The proposed structure of the administration of the assessment process and the place of the Assessment Committee is given in Figure 5. The UMM Assessment of Student Learning model decentralizes decision-making. The function of the Assessment Committee is to assure that each unit has
answered the necessary questions
and, where appropriate raise questions for clarification. The
unit has the responsibility for design and implementation.
The present model proposes that accountability
and quality control comes through the public exercise of responsibility
by the unit faculty. In addition to demands of professional integrity,
a practical incentive for taking the process seriously will operate
via the value of credible assessment approaches in order to buttress
the individual unit's efforts to secure approval of policy changes
and resources. The challenge to the Task Force and to the units
is to refine this model so that assessment activities. including
report and review practices, are integral to rather than distractions
from the instructional activities of the faculty.
At the present time, the Office of
the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Dean is responsible
for much of the institutional research, evaluation, and appraisal
which occurs on the Morris Campus. This activity will continue,
since it plays an essential role in resource allocation and in
appraising institutional effectiveness for self studies and accreditation
reviews. For this reason, the Office of the Vice Chancellor for
Academic Affairs will coordinate and provide support for the Committee
for the Assessment of Student Learning. On November, 1996 the
Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs named Engin Sungur, Associate
Professor of Mathematics, as Interim Director of Assessment.
The Task Force discussed the budgeting
issues related with the assessment of student learning activities
and supported the proposal prepared by the Dean Schuman submitted
to the central administration. The proposal asks for a support
for a unique and innovative "Center for Student Learning
and Faculty Teaching" which will bring together these two
efforts administratively, as, in fact, they are inseparably linked
in actuality: How the faculty teaches is obviously a major factor
in how students learn. Improving the quality of teaching is helped
immeasurably by understanding how students are learning. It is
proposed to create a unified office for both these functions,
with an integrated support and material budget, and two cooperating
faculty coordinators. A single support staff person would serve
the integrated program. Joint programs would be offered, and would
continue as well the new, and newly successful, individual efforts
in assessment of student learning and faculty development. The
total budget proposed for the Center for the two years is $190,500.
PROPOSED STRUCTURE FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS
A detailed timeline for the first
cycle of the assessment process is given in the following table.
The first cycle includes stages such as organization, planning,
application, dissemination, and overall assessment of the assessment
of students' learning process. The organization stage consists
of activities which will maximize the faculty involvement and
create an atmosphere which will make the assessment a crucial
part of the institutions academic culture. Two of the key activities
at this stage are the Assessment of Students' Learning Planning
Exercises and Surveys which were sent to all the faculty, and
setting up a web site. The UMM Assessment of Learning web site
includes progress report, surveys & exercises, unit assessment
plans, and Task Force meeting minutes. In the future it will also
include the results of the assessments that will be received from
the units. This electronic page will increase the communication
between units and create an environment that motivates and encourages
units toward the assessment.
At the next stage each unit developed
their assessment plan based on the guidelines that were developed
by the Assessment Committee and submited them to the Committee
by April, 1997. The unit assessment plans reviewed by the Task
Force on Assessment and other related committees will shape the
details of the UMM Assessment Plan. Some preliminary results of
the assessment from the units will be available by the end of
October, 1997. With this, the dissemination stage of the process
will begin. The assessment results will be disseminated across
the units and the Committee will help to move the results through
the appropriate channels so that substantial impact on the improvement
of the students' learning can take place and appropriate input
for the campus planning and resource allocation can be generated.
The last stage of the first cycle
is the overall assessment of the UMM Assessment of Students' Learning
Process. The Assessment of Students' Learning Committee will also
work on the unit assessment cycle and develop a goal/mission,
learning objectives, expected outcomes, and assessment methods
and tools to assess the overall effectiveness of the assessment
process. This unit will determine the problems, discuss successes
and failures, provide evidence on impact of the process on the
students' learning, and most important of all will carry out an
academic cost/benefit analysis. A report on the overall assessment
of the process will be prepared and distributed to the faculty
and all other related units including the NCA.
The following cycles will include planning revision and updating, application, dissemination, and overall assessment of the process stages. The length of each cycle will be proposed by the Committee based on the inputs from the units' experiences on the first cycle.
|Set up Assessment Committee||Feb. '97|
|Meet with Committees||Jan. '97|
|Create a Web Site||Dec. '96|
|Budget for the assessment Activities||Jan. '97|
|Planning Survey & Exercise (Disciplines)||Feb. '97|
|Unit Assessment Plans
Co-curricular Academic Programs
|General Education Assessment Plan||June '97|
|Integration with Institutional Effectiveness||May. '97|
|Unit Implementation Reports
Co-curricular Academic Programs
|General Education||Nov. '97|
|Dissemination of Assessment results across the units||Dec. '97|
|Moving the Results through Appropriate Channels||Dec. '97|
|Overall Assessment of the Assessment Process||Oct. '97-
|Determination of Problems||Dec. '97|
|Looking for Evidence on Impact of Assessment on Student Learning||Dec. 97|
|Academic Cost & Benefit Analysis||Dec. '97|
|Beginning of the Next Cycle||Jan. '97|
LIST OF UNITS
SOME OF THE CURRENT ACTIVITIES RELATED WITH THE ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS' LEARNING
SUMMARY OF THE DISCIPLINE ASSESSMNET METHODS AND TOOLS
DISCIPLINE ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS' LEARNING PLANS
ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS' LEARNING PLANNING EXERCISE AND SURVEY FOR THE DISCIPLINES
FORM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS' LEARNING: UNIT PLANS FOR THE DISCIPLINES(AN EXAMPLE)
FORM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS'
LEARNING: UNIT PLANS FOR THE CO- CURRICULAR PROGRAMS
|Art History||Geology||Social Science|
|Economics & Management||Latin American Areas Studies||Speech Communication|
|Chemistry||Liberal Arts for the Human Services||Theater Arts|
|Computer Science||Mathematics||Wellness and Sport Science|
|Elementary Education||Music||Women's Studies|
|European Studies||Political Science|
|Academic Assistance Center||International Program|
|Athletics||Minority Student Program|
|Campus Compact||MAP/MAI Program|
|Computing Services||Study Abroad Program|
|Gateway Program||Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program|
|Honors Program||University College|
|Campus Resources and Planning Committee||Minority Experience Committee|
|Curriculum Committee||Freshman Year Experience Committee|
|Scholastic Committee||International Program Committee|
|General Education Committee||Honors Program Committee|
|Teacher Education Committee|
|New Student Profile|
|U of M New Students Characteristics by College
ACT profile of new freshmen
ACE/UCLA (Astin) Survey of new freshmen
ACT Research Service Report of validity & achievement
College Choice & Family Ed Survey
|'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96
'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96 '88, '91, 93, 96
'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96
'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96
'91, '93, '95
|Quality and characteristics of new freshmen class; effectiveness of admissions program; validity of HSR, ACT and other tests|
|Student Opinion Surveys|
|ACT Student Opinion Survey (all students)
UMM Degree Candidate Survey (Seniors only)
|'89, '94, 98
'88, '89, '92, '95
|Opinion of quality services and instruction, general education and major|
|Retention and Graduation Rates||Retention and graduation data|
|Freshmen cohorts||'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96|
|Minority student cohorts||'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96|
|Follow of UMM dropout/non-returning students
Annual follow-up of graduates of UMM
'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96
|Reasons for leaving
Occupation, Post Grad. Educ. and values
|Student/faculty program evaluations|
|Student evaluations of each course
Student and instructor evaluation of inquiry
Faculty and student assessment survey of ProsPer
Faculty Program Self-Assessment Survey
Discipline Profiles of instructional data
|'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96
'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95
'88, '89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, 95, 96
|Opinion of quality of instruction
Opinion of quality of instruction
Opinion on Gen. Ed.
Inst. climate, workload, research efforts
Quantitative data on instructional effort compared among disciplines
|Discipline evaluations of senior student performance|
|Teacher Education||Division of Education writing proficiency test
Minnesota Board of Teaching Preprofessional Skills Test
Faculty interviews and recommendations
|Studio Art||Participation in Senior Exhibit is required for graduation
Participation in Junior Review and Senior Review
JUNIOR REVIEW: Review by the studio art and art history faculty of the student's work to date.
SENIOR REVIEW: Review by the studio art and art history faculty of the student's work, concentrating on the major media and including any work designated at the Junior Review.
|Biology||Senior seminar. Required for graduation|
|Chemistry||Senior seminar. Required for graduation|
|Foreign Languages||Proficiency/Placement examination|
|Geology||Geology Senior Seminar. Required for graduation.|
|History||The students must submit a file of materials to present evidence of meeting four learning objectives and expected outcomes stated by the discipline. The file need not be limited to materials produced in history courses. In the year before graduation, the student and the adviser assess progress toward the major and, consulting with the remainder of the history faculty, determine what work remains to be completed for the major.|
|Honors Program||The senior honors project. Each project is presented to the UMM community of scholars in a fashion appropriate to its nature (e.g., public presentation, archived paper, performance, or exhibit)|
|Mathematics||Placement examination. Assessment of the Calculus sequence. Alumni survey. Self-study report prepared for external reviewers.
Senior Project: Each student prepares a project under the direction of a faculty member and presents a written and oral report.
|Music||Senior Project: A culminating activity that allows a graduating student to demonstrate competence as a musician.|
|Philosophy||Senior Philosophical Thesis: Development of a significant paper on an approved topic under the direction of one or more members of the philosophy staff.|
|Psychology||Students should complete an approved research project for graduation.|
|Social Science||Competencies: The faculty of each field of study in the social sciences has established a set of minimum competencies that ask a student to understand the ways in which the discipline structures and advances knowledge, raises and answers analytic questions, and deals with competing theories and changing nature of the field.|
|Speech Communication||Students complete a significant paper or project on an approved topic.|
|Theatre Arts||At least one para-programmatic theatre experience that is arranged through a theatre arts faculty member which may take any number of forms, e.g., an internship with a theatre company, study abroad, or theatre tour to New York or London is required for graduation.
Senior Project: Culminating activity to demonstrate the student's competence in some areas of theatre arts. Projects may be completed independently (e.g., a research paper, a solo acting performance) or as part of a group effort.
|Women's Studies||Students must submit a file of materials to demonstrate the following: (1) familiarity with different theoretical approaches to the study of women; (2) ability to analyze, interpret, and synthesize women's studies materials; (3) awareness of how a knowledge of women's studies relates to the individual's personal life and intellectual growth,|
|Discipline||Assessment Methods & Tools|
|Art History||Monitored progress of majors(small scale of campus and 3 faculty in the discipline facilitates this process), critical reviews of the local art exhibits, internships, performance in MAP, UROP, admission to graduate programs, performance in graduate programs, success in employment, specially designed exams, course assessment|
|Studio Art||Classroom observation, tests, pre and post testing, class and individual critiques, portfolio reviews, individual review by the faculty of all junior and senior art students, and all student and senior exhibi tions|
|Biology||Exams, lab reports, term papers, presentations, class participation, senior seminar, independent exams (GRE, MCAT, VCAT, etc.), success as graduates (as reported by independent contacts and work of UMM admini strative offices), assessment in core courses, assessment of communication skills in Biological Communications I & II and senior seminar|
|Chemistry||Course assessment, research project and/or senior seminar, lab. reports, lab. notebooks, survey of graduates, acceptance rates, success rates in obtaining teaching/research fellowships, survey of graduating majors|
|Computer Science||Course assessment, quality & quantity of presentations and publications, quality & quantity of non-classroom experience|
|Elementary Education||Video-taped lessons, observations by faculty, pre-professional skills test, blind scored writing proficiency essay, portfolio, case studies, research papers, Human Relations Competency essays, at tendance and participation in multicultural events, rubrics, student self-evaluations, article reviews from professional journals, essay on philosophy of education, journals and logs|
|Secondary Education||Video-taped lessons, observations by faculty, pre-professional skills test, blind scored writing proficiency essay, portfolio, case studies, research papers, Human Relations Competency essays, attend ance and participation in multicultural events, rubrics, student self-evaluations, article reviews from professional journals, essay on philosophy of education, journals and logs|
|English||Testing, portfolios, self-reports, exit interviews, capstone experiences, presentations|
|French||Continuous in-class assessment, journals, analytical papers, spontaneous oral exams, research, performance on UROP, MAP, contributions to public fora and historical achieves, admission to graduate schools|
|Geology||Conventional course assessment, GRE exams, geologic field book, senior seminar, performance in MAP, UROP, other presentations, post-graduate survey|
|German||Specially designed tests, reports by students, verbal interaction in class discussions, papers & essays, journals|
|History||Transcript analysis, portfolio(major file), essays (autobiographical and other), follow-up survey of graduates,|
|Latin American Areas Studies||Transcript analysis, quarterly seminar, student journals, instructor observations|
|Liberal Arts for the Human Services||Assessment in core courses, internship assessed by field supervisor/journal/paper, career track of graduates|
|Mathematics||Portfolio, placement exams, gateway/proficiency exams, survey of graduates, senior seminar, Putnam performance, specially designed exams, professional exams, GRE scores, graduate school acceptance rates, teaching licensure exams, self-report of learning, course projects, MAP/UROP/Campus Compact reports|
|Philosophy||Senior thesis, specially designed exams, quizzes and papers, class discussions, presentations, one-to-one oral exchanges|
|Physics||Course assessment, lab reports, senior presentation|
|Political Science||Comprehensive exam in major/portfolio, student attitude survey, graduate/professional school admission tests|
|Psychology||GRE Psychology, exams, research projects, tutorial course/UROP/MAP, completion of core courses|
|Sociology||Course assessment, capstone independent project, capstone courses, admission to and success in graduate programs,|
|Spanish||Portfolio including literary papers and audio tapes, unobstrusive measures, specially designed exams, presentations/speeches|
|Speech Communication||The capstone senior seminar, transcript analysis, portfolio, video tape record|
|Theater Arts||Conventional testing and evaluation, portfolio, senior project, assessment of theatrical performance, audience response|
|Wellness and Sport Science||Testing and judgment of participation, supervisor evaluation, pre and post fitness & wellness testing, testing and performance evaluations based on American Red Cross guidelines|